When it comes to festivals in downtown Edmonton, change is coming. In 2018, construction of the Valley Line LRT will close Churchill Square, and big events like the Street Performers festival and The Works festival will find temporary homes, while Taste of Edmonton is working with provincial authorities to use the grounds beside the Alberta Legislature.
The shift got us to thinking: Just what do festivals create for downtown? We asked Doug Carlyle, who specializes in designing public plaes, like the new Centennial Plaza at the Legislature, what he thinks festivals bring to the core. Carlyle works for design firm Dialog.
Q: What’s your favourite downtown Edmonton festival?
A: It has to be Taste of Edmonton. It’s great to go to a place where there are lots of people. I think what festivals have done is allow Edmontonians to experience being in a scene with lots of people. The festivals have created that opportunity to come together.
Q: How does downtown benefit from hosting festivals?
A: Festivals have made us all aware of downtown and what a great place it can be. The other thing is it’s starting to create a momentum to transform public places. Churchill Square was once a green lawn surrounded by streets, but it has been transformed into a destination. Churchill Square continued to evolve as the street between it and City Hall was closed to accommodate pedestrians. Soon, the Churchill LRT station will be home to the Capital and Valley Lines making the square a transportation hub as well. We’re starting to think about streets as livable places.
Q: Streets as livable places?
A: Yes, and 104 Street is a great example. You aren’t just going to a single establishment, you’re actually going to a place. That street is not about cars traveling up and down. It’s about a market. It’s about a street performer. It’s about hanging out and having lunch. Festivals and events like the Saturday market create opportunities to see the world in a different way.
Q: You’re hopeful for the future of festivals downtown. Can you explain why?
A: Yes. But what’s that going to look like? The city is trying to operate and program Churchill Square so it has life almost all through the year. The other plaza that’s coming into place is the Ice District. So there’s going to be a second major public, or community venue there. Then, there’s the plaza at the Legislature. So there are three major public outdoor spaces that can start to flourish, given the chance. It’s very exciting.
Chris Sikkenga is a writer, video editor and podcaster who enjoys bad movies and any restaurant sandwich named after Elvis.
They were only going to live in the small, walk-up apartment in Oliver for one year, but Kathleen Drysdale and her husband David ended up staying for another 40.
A few months ago, they left, and now they’re reflecting back on a neighbourhood that changed along with them over the years.
Flash back to 1975, when the newlyweds settled here, and Oliver looked a lot different than today.
The Canadian Northern Railway line still ran down 104 Avenue. Drysale says she remembers being kept up at night by the trains shunting back and forth on the tracks.
The Brewery District was also there, but back then it was the fully operational Molson Brewery. “My first experience with the Brewery District was smelling the hops when they were making the beer. That was not pleasant,” Drysdale says, with a laugh.
Raising a child on the edge of downtown in the ‘70s and ‘80s seems like it might have been tough. But Kathleen and David decided to do just that after their son was born in 1978.
They skipped the mortgage payments on a house in the suburbs in favour of Oliver’s walkable amenities: A school, playground, grocery store and parks were all close by and Drysdale says she never had to drive.
“I remember the slide – it was one of those metal slides,” she says, of the playground at Oliver School, where her son, Loren, learned to read. “We would go in the afternoon because I was home. There’d be no one else around. My kid would slide for hours and still scream when I took him home.”
Drysdale says Loren also enjoyed splashing in the wading pool at Paul Kane Park. “It wasn’t an ornamental park at that time, so the kids could go in the water,” she says, noting the park’s recent shift to ban wading.
On nights out in the late ‘80s, when Loren was a little older, the family would often end up at Tiki Tiki, a Polynesian eatery on Jasper Avenue and 117 Street. “That was a really neat restaurant,” Drysdale remembers.
As the decades progressed into the ‘90s and early 2000s, Drysdale says the skyline changed. Small houses and walk-up apartments gradually disappeared and high rises took their place.
Beth Israel moved from 119 Street and 102 Avenue to the Wolf Willow neighbourhood in the west end in 2000—Drysdale recalls how their parking stalls were often taken by people attending the synagogue—and the squat brick building was converted to a private residence.
Kathleen and David finally moved from Oliver to a seniors-friendly residence overlooking the Legislature grounds a few months ago. “I kind of hated to leave Oliver,” she says. “I was falling in love with the Brewery District and the stores there.”
The Central Edmonton New Society, the non-profit society which publishes The Yards Magazine, is pleased to announce Tim Querengesser as our new Editor. Tim brings a wealth of experience to our community newsmagazine, both professional as an editor and writer and as a resident of Edmonton’s core. Tim takes over for founding Editor Omar Mouallem, and Guest Editor Tracy Hyatt.
Tim has been magazining since the age of four, when he discovered his dad’s trove of 1960s-era Popular Mechanics in his attic and decided he would work in magazines. Tim has won a National Magazine Award, for ‘Best Magazine’ in 2010, for his work as part of an editorial team, and has been nominated for several international, national and regional awards for his magazine writing. Tim holds a bachelor degree in journalism and political science, and a masters degree in Canadian studies and indigenous studies. Tim walks and bikes before relying on fossil fuels and created The Edmonton Wayfinding Project.
About The Yards
The Yards Magazine makes sense of downtown Edmonton’s transformation and growth. We share insightful urban planning and cultural stories that lead to new ways of thinking, living and actively participating in Downtown and Oliver communities. With an all-star roster of writers and thinkers, The Yards introduces more than 30,000 readers to the issues, faces and businesses that matter to them. The Yards Magazine is produced in partnership with the Downtown Edmonton and Oliver Community Leagues.
The adage that there are two seasons in Edmonton—winter and construction —is set to hold true in our downtown this summer. But that’s a great thing.
While Ice District continues to take shape, other construction projects are starting up. The much anticipated Valley Line LRT will close much of 102 Avenue and Churchill Square, beginning this fall, leaving some festivals scrambling for new places to call home over the next few years.
This is all wonderful, because we are already starting to see the downtown of our future emerge.
Rogers Place has already brought thousands of Edmontonians to our downtown, sometimes for the first time in years. That the Oilers have gone on a playoff run that has been a boon for many restaurants and pubs is icing on the cake.
This summer will also see Alex Decoteau Park, downtown’s first new park in many decades, start offering residents another place to get some green. The park’s official opening is September 16, but no doubt many are already itching to use the community garden or walk their pooch in the off-leash dog run, or let their kids frolick in the water fountains.
What else? Well, an entire downtown bike grid has seemingly popped up over night, and soon the new Royal Alberta Museum will open and become a place for downtown residents and visitors to enjoy.
Great cities are always changing. As governments realize the economic, social and cultural benefits of a healthy, vibrant core that people want to live in and visit, we will all benefit. Rogers Place and Alex Decoteau Park are proof.
Through all of this, DECL will continue to grow our community and try to connect residents to each other through our events and programming. Our annual Pancake Breakfast is June 17, from 9–11am at our community space, at 10042 103 St. The breakfast is a chance to meet your neighbours and celebrate the fantastic summers we enjoy. And on July 21 we will again host a patio pub crawl to some of downtown’s finest patios. Stay tuned for details.
As always, if you have ideas or questions, don’t hesitate to get in touch with us at info@ decl.org. Even though much construction is still in our future, let’s celebrate what’s been achieved in the place we call home.
When I became president of the Oliver Community League in 2015, I met some folks that had searched for months for a home in Oliver appropriate for a family. This shocked me. Before I became OCL president, I spent about a year living in the UK, where multi-unit residential housing catering to all ages is standard. I’d assumed the same is true in Oliver. It isn’t.
One father of two young children told me his family aggressively searched for a home for six months. They were moving to Edmonton from eastern Canada and Eastern Europe, to be close to their family, who lived in Oliver. They wanted to be close to work and only need one vehicle. Eventually they found a townhouse they renovated extensively to fit enough bedrooms for their kids.
Another looked for two years for a home in Oliver big enough to start a family. But just prior to putting an offer on a three-bedroom apartment condominium in Grandin, their realtor discovered the building had anti-child age restrictions. They too eventually bought a townhouse.
My partner and I like to be prepared.
After hearing these stories, we decided to look for our “forever” home in Oliver. We saw handful of units, in buildings a short walk to Oliver or Grandin schools and large enough for a small family. All were age-restricted. We’ve now left the searching to a realtor. We’ve been looking now for almost a year.
Age restrictions create barriers to diversity and inclusion in our core neighbourhoods. Not everyone can afford the time, money for car maintenance or the stress of owning a detached house to live in the suburbs — where Edmonton tells you you’re supposed to raise a family.
Because these barriers restrict choice, age restrictions for housing is a human rights issue, and not just a preferred living style. I just hope that a shift in provincial legislation in the next year will make that decision more feasible.
You can walk past Edmonton’s deep connection to Canada without even knowing it. But you wouldn’t want to do that. For your adventurous spirit, as our country celebrates 150 years, here are some links to the bigger story.
1. Commodore Restaurant
A gold rush attracted the first throng of Chinese settlers to Canada, in 1858. Twenty-five years later, 6,500 Chinese workers helped build the railroad across Canada. And in 1890, the first Chinese settler, Chung Gee, arrived in Edmonton, via Calgary, to open a laundromat located between 105 and 106 Street, off Jasper Avenue. In 1942, two blocks away from the original laundromat, the Gee family opened Commodore Restaurant, one of the longest-operating Chinese cafés in Edmonton. Although most head to Chinatown for Chinese food, we suggest heading to Commodore for “Western” Chinese dishes like chop suey and egg foo yung—and don’t forget to say hello to David and Wilma Gee, relations of Chung Gee.
2. The banks of the North Saskatchewan River
Years before the Klondike Gold Rush, prospectors staked their claim along the North Saskatchewan River. Though the waters weren’t awash with gold nuggets, you could find particles, known as ‘gold flour.’ At the peak of Edmonton’s rush, from 1895 to 1897, about 300 miners came to the city. Most could not resist the tales of more substantial finds in the Yukon, though, and by the end of 1897, they had moved to the Klondike. Today if you want to strike it rich, you can make your way to Ezio Faraone Park at 110 Street, take the stairs down to the river below and pan on the sandbanks and gravel bars with hobbyists.
3. 110 Street in Grandin
The first European language spoken in what became Alberta was French. French-Canadian voyageurs arrived in the North West Territories for the fur trade, married Cree women and established the first Métis communities. Soon thereafter Francophone missionaries followed and built churches across Alberta. Edmonton’s Grandin neighbourhood is home to St. Joachim’s Church, one of the first French-speaking parishes in Edmonton, originally established at the first location of Fort Edmonton (where the Alberta Legislature building now sits). Further south down 110 Street, Grandin School, built in 1915, is another reminder of Edmonton’s French roots. It was intended to offer instruction in French only, but with a growing English population in the core, the sisters from the Les Fidèles Compagnes de Jésus taught students in both languages. St Joachim played an important part in helping other Roman Catholic churches get built. Parishioners helped organize the fundraising efforts for St. Joseph’s Basilica, on 113 Street. •
Anti-child discrimination in housing comes into focus as group forms to fight it
Should our downtown and core neighbourhoods welcome kids and families? It’s a question that’s about to get messier than a playpen in Alberta.
As you may have read or experienced, in Alberta a landlord can still refuse to rent to tenants with children, and a condominium board can still evict an owner (yes, an owner) or resident who contravenes an adult-only building bylaw by having the audacity to get pregnant.
Ouch, right? Well, it depends who you ask.
Many Albertans opine that kids disrupt what’s apparently guaranteed to be a placid condo lifestyle — or so social media commentary suggests. And as these commenters often add, what parent would choose to raise their child in a downtown apartment or condo, when we have perfectly nice suburbs, exurbs and bedroom communities for that?
The conversation about where kids and families belong in Edmonton became heated this spring when, in April, the Child Friendly Housing Coalition of Alberta (CFHCA) launched a campaign to end age based discrimination in housing. The group had its eye firmly on areas like Oliver and downtown, which see large amounts of multi-unit apartment and condominium housing and often, child-blocking age restrictions applied to that housing.
The group has been spurred to act by a January 2017 high court decision that, by next year, will see Alberta become the last Canadian province to add age as a prohibited ground of discrimination. The province also has until next year to decide which age discriminations it will uphold (think needing to be 16 to drive, 18 to drink, and so on).
Some developers and industry advocates are hoping the government keeps adult-only housing as one form of legal age discrimination.
Aside from the laws, however, what many seem unable to grasp is the choice bit. Some of us choose to live downtown or in Oliver because we prefer that to other options. We’re not just saving up for the ‘burbs, and we might also want to have children while living here.
But when it comes to choice, there’s often little of it in downtown and Oliver for housing that’s usable for a family (three bedroom apartments, condos or townhomes) in Edmonton.
Raj Dhunna, CEO of Regency Developments, told the National Post in April that the cost to build townhouse units—for example, three bedroom, multi-unit housing—puts their price uncomfortably close to what a buyer can find a single-detached home selling for in a greenfield suburb. Dhunna said that made these units hard to sell, and that’s why he and other developers don’t really build them.
As a 30-something millennial who’s lived in an apartment her entire adult life, I’m always perplexed by arguments like Dhunna’s. They assume all consumers make housing choices based solely on economic factors, rather than a web of social, economic, transportation and lifestyle preferences.
They also assume we will always choose the suburbs in lieu of the urban life that we love, if they’re cheaper. Such comments also plunge me into selfdoubt. By still living in an apartment, am I pathetically trying to extend my youth? Do I lack the gene that allows other adults to enjoy lawn care?
Hard to say, but I don’t seem to be an outlier.
The City of Edmonton’s 2015 Growth Monitoring Report states that, “vibrant and attractive urban cores have begun to change the way in which we plan. Millennials’ […] movement into urban centres has helped shift investment from the suburbs, and developers and businesses have begun to follow, by building condominiums and locating businesses in these urban areas in an attempt to capitalize on this generation’s desired lifestyle.”
A shift to investment in urban areas like downtown and Oliver can only work if people of all ages are welcome. That must include parents, kids and families.
If you agree and want to end discrimination against children in housing, there’s now a group you can add your voice to.
Chelsey Jersak lives in one of downtown’s kid-friendly condos. She’s the founder and principal of Situate, a municipal planning and placemaking firm, and a founding member of CFHCA. For more information, see cfhca.ca.
JUNE 10, 17 & JULY 1 Pride Events
Support Edmonton’s annual Pride parade
over in Old Strathcona, then bring the cele-
bration downtown with Fruit Loop events at
The Needle on June 17 and July 1. Parade is
11am-2pm, Whyte Ave.; Fruit Loop events
are at The Needle, at 10524 Jasper Ave. facebook.com/fruitloopyeg
JUNE 14-21 Improvaganza
Edmonton’s international improv sketch
and comedy festival will be sure to leave
you in stitches. Artists invade various locales,
fully prepared to entertain. Numerous
locations, times. rapidfiretheatre.com/festival/ improvaganza
JUNE 21 Make Music Edmonton
Following a French tradition called “Fête de
la Musique” where musicians offer free
music on the streets every summer solstice,
this event showcases all styles and genres of
live music. Various venues, 5-9pm, along
124 St from Jasper to 108 Ave. makemusic-edmonton.ca
JUNE 22-JULY 4 Works Art and Design Festival
The Works is North America’s largest, free
outdoor art and design festival. Through a
multitude of exhibits, live performances, and
more than 200 special events, the festival
encourages everyone to discover and develop
an appreciation for art and design. Churchill
Square, various times. theworks.ab.ca
JUNE 23-JULY 3 Jazz Festival
The Edmonton International Jazz Festival
connects audiences with provincial, national
and international jazz artists. Various venues
and times. edmontonjazz.com
JULY 7-16 Street Performers Festival
Prepare to be entertained by performers.
These hard-working artists earn their pay
from the audience; please be generous.
Daily shows begin at 11:30am and end
with a Troupe du Jour variety show at 10pm.
Churchill Square. edmontonstreetfest.com
JULY 20-29 Taste of Edmonton An annual favourite, Taste of Edmonton cele- brates all the culinary delights our community offers. Whatever you fancy, you’ll be able to find it here. 11am-11pm, daily. Churchill Square. tasteofedm.ca
JULY 20 Premier’s K-Days Breakfast
Everyone is invited to the annual kick-off to
the Edmonton K-Days festival to enjoy free
pancakes, eggs and sausage. 7-9am, south
grounds of the Alberta Legislature. k-days.com
JULY 21-23 Canadian Food Championships
Experience CFC as a competitor, judge,
volunteer or spectator. This is one of the
tastiest and highest stakes competitions
in the country as it is the only Canadian
qualifying competition for the World Food
Championships. Churchill Square. canadianfoodchampionships.ca
AUGUST 2, 9, 16, 23 Movies on the Square
Enjoy free movies in the outdoors for the first
four Tuesdays in August. Bring your lawn
chair, family and friends and watch a flick on
a three-storey inflatable screen. Pre-movie
entertainment starts at 7pm; movies at dusk.
Churchill Square. edmonton.ca
AUGUST 11-13 Cariwest Caribbean Festival
Experience one of Edmonton’s most colourful
and vibrant festivals. Enjoy Caribbean music and
cuisine over a weekend filled with a costume
extravaganza, parade, Caribbean village and more.
Churchill Square. cariwest.ca
AUGUST 18-20 Dragon Boat Festival
A festival held annually in Edmonton since
1996. Come watch strong teams compete in
the 2017 dragon boat races in Edmonton’s
beautiful river valley. Louise McKinney river-
AUGUST 19-20 Servus Edmonton Marathon
This marathon aims to be personal, genuine
and fun – it’s the Edmonton way. Challenge
yourself, connect with friends and make
new ones. Start/Finish line at 9797 Jasper
Calvin Bruneau was blowing minds by telling facts rather than fiction. It was 2012 and Bruneau, who heads a First Nations group that isn’t fully recognized by Canada, was narrating the history of Edmonton. But as he lectured to the first-year native studies class at the University of Alberta, he included the Papaschase people in the story.
Edmonton’s standard foundation myth is full of yarns about forts and voyageurs, pioneers and oil derricks, business people and settlers. Historically, the sometimes beautiful, sometimes stark stories of indigenous peoples and their lands have been left out of Edmonton’s story. But Bruneau didn’t omit them as he talked that day and sure enough, mouths dropped.
“The majority of the students were in their 20s, young, and I could tell by the look on their faces that they hadn’t heard of Edmonton’s history and the history of the Papaschase reserve,” Bruneau says. “There was one student who said she’d grown up on the south side and had no clue about this history. She was just blown away. The real history was hidden from them.”
Canada is 150 years old on July 1. Ottawa is bankrolling a birthday party set to sweep through our city and many others. But the indigenous nations that Canada swallowed to become a country are many thousands of years old. And the story of their lands, which many settlers took, and their cultures, which colonialism attacked, are plot points that Canada has struggled to place in its happy-birthday narrative.
Knowingly or not, Edmonton residents, including those who live downtown or in Oliver are connected to this darker, often hidden story. Indeed, some of the same people Edmonton has lionized as founders are those who indigenous peoples, like the descendants of the Papaschase, see as the central characters responsible for taking what was theirs. So, as we prepare to mark Canada’s 150th birthday in our city, some say it’s time for some harder work—to advance the conversation and make these two histories one.
Rob Houle is tall and dwarfs the chairs at the Kids in the Hall bistro as we talk. “It’s fine that people want to celebrate Canada 150 and whatever else, but it has a much different understanding and interpretation for indigenous people,” he says. “To a lot of indigenous people, Canada 150 represents the things that were lost.”
Houle is a member of the Swan River First Nation and has written several indictments of Edmonton’s history from an indigenous perspective. A central reason for why he says he struggles with Edmonton celebrating Canada 150 largely goes back to one man: Frank Oliver.
Oliver is something of Edmonton royalty. To this day he’s celebrated in city discussion as a pioneer, a business man and Alberta’s first member of parliament. Fittingly, Oliver’s name is everywhere. In the 1950s, the city named the neighbourhood he built his house within after him. There’s also Oliver School, a park and a community rink, as well as a power centre. Oliver is given a prominent story at Fort Edmonton Park, too, celebrated for his use of his printing press to publish the city’s first newspaper, The Bulletin.
But Oliver’s role in Edmonton’s history is far different when you ponder his dealings with indigenous people. History shows he used The Bulletin and his powerful positions in governments to systematically attack many indigenous nations and ultimately take their land, upon which much of our city was built.
It’s a point Houle can’t omit. “He may have done some things, he may have helped the city of Edmonton become what it is today, but people have to realize that the reality and the truth is a lot of that success came at the cost of someone else, and a lot of those people were indigenous people,” he says.
Consider the Papaschase. In 1877, as Chief Papaschase—known to newcomers in Edmonton as John Gladieu-Quinn—signed Treaty 6 at a spot roughly where the Alberta Legislature now resides, the Papaschase saw the Canadian government attempt to reduce their vast, traditional territory to a land reserve of just 100 square kilometres in size. Papaschase selected the land he wanted, as was his right, choosing a square of land about 10 kilometres south of the North Saskatchewan river.
But the land was ideal for farming and Oliver knew it. In editorial after editorial, he targeted the Papaschase reserve. He lobbied Ottawa for “settlers rights” and dismissed the Papaschase people as “lazy,” or, incredibly, as not “true Indians.” Meanwhile, the Papaschase version of history recalls how rations promised by the Canadian government never arrived and that the disappearance of the buffalo, which coincided with European settlement of the North American prairies, saw them slowly starving to death in their reserve.
In 1888, 11 years after signing Treaty 6, Oliver succeeded—at least in the eyes of Canada. Three men, who were then living on the Enoch reserve to survive, signed what Canada took (and remains to this day to support) as a land surrender to the Papaschase reserve. Three signatures and it was gone.
Today, the former Papaschase reserve is parts of Old Strathcona, Ritchie, Queen Alexandra, Hazeldean, Pleasantview and Mill Woods, to name a few neighbourhoods. Papaschase has been all but erased—aside from one industrial neighbourhood, just north of the Whitemud and east of Gateway Boulevard, which bears the former chief’s name.
In 2008, the Supreme Court of Canada rejected a Papaschase application to pursue a land claim and calls for about $2.5-billion in compensation.
Houle says he will never forget Oliver’s connection to this history.
“I purposely avoid Oliver [neighbourhood] because it has a reminder for me, as an indigenous person—one I’m sure people from Enoch and people from Papaschase has an even stronger recognition of—of what this guy did to them,” he says.
Cory Sousa first learned of the hurt surrounding Frank Oliver’s name when he was involved in discussions to move the privately-owned downtown park that was named after Oliver.
That park is currently in a sort of limbo, as its former home—right beside Hotel Macdonald—is being developed. But when some proposed moving it into the Oliver neighbourhood, the community spoke.
“People on the project were very much like, ‘We don’t want this racist,’” Sousa recalls. “I think that was the first time that I heard or became more aware of just how much he was disliked and how there was concern regarding Frank Oliver.”
Sousa is a principal planner with the City of Edmonton’s naming committee and has been pushing— along with strong public support from people like Mayor Don Iveson— for dramatic change in what receives name recognition. Most recently he’s advocated assigning indigenous names within Edmonton’s river valley trails in the future.
He says he feels names can be tools for creating the conversation many say Edmonton needs to have during Canada 150.
And, he says, there are signs of progress. Consider Alex Decoteau Park, opening in September along 105 Street at 102 Avenue. Originally the park was set to be called “Renaissance Park,” but Sousa and others worked behind the scenes to see it honour Decoteau, who among other things was an Edmonton police officer, a soldier in the First World War and a marathoner.
Their victory on that name spurred more movement. Sousa says he’s now hopeful that several new suburban neighbourhood developments in the city’s south will be named along indigenous themes. And one of the overall area names—think Windermere or Hardisty, for comparison—will be Decoteau. “Getting Decoteau was huge because that whole area is going to be home to 50,000 people, which is like a small city in Alberta,” Sousa says. “So, 50,000 people are now going to be saying ‘Decoteau,’ and I think that’s just a really neat tie to who he was and the history.”
But Sousa knows there are other names that might be hard to change. Oliver is one of them, he says. Instead, he sees more possibility with new names, or in shifting existing ones, to spark conversation and learning.
“We’re pounding on a door, saying ‘We want back in to our own place.” – Calvin Bruneau
Which takes us back to the Papaschase Industrial area. “Why an industrial area?” Sousa asks. “We want to really respect the history of Papaschase to those lands, so why wouldn’t you name the whole area Papaschase and bring more prominence there? Then the busses will have the neighbourhood name, people will have it in their taxes, or roads. If there’s one individual or family name that we should really bring more attention to it’s Papaschase.”
Bruneau heads the Papaschase, though there are other groups that claim to represent the descendants of former Chief Papaschase as well.
Regardless, he says his battle is to see the Papaschase become part of Edmonton’s mainstream story.
We meet the day he’s finished work consulting with the city on artwork depicting Chief Papaschase, to be installed at a stop in Mill Woods along the future Valley Line LRT. But that’s just the beginning, he says.
In future, Bruneau says he’s hoping to create an urban reserve where land, profits and taxation powers are returned to the Papaschase. And as Canada 150 approaches, he’s hoping his nation’s story will prompt many in Edmonton to ask why they know so little about his history.
“Edmonton is our city, but at the same time, too, it’s like we’re knocking on a door,” he says. “We’re pounding on a door, saying ‘We want back in to our own place.’ We’re getting there, but it’s just like there’s still a lot of work to be done.”